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Writing a XWiki Rendering Macro in wiki pages

Wiki macros allow macro authors to develop reusable and distributable macro modules. There is no java code involved; hence no compiling or packaging. Macro author simply needs to create a wiki page according to a particular specification and that's all!


  • Wiki macros are only available on XWiki Enterprise 2.0M2 and later versions
  • Wiki macro authors need to have programming rights
  • Wiki macros can only be defined inside the main wiki, though they can be used throughout a farm

Hello Macro

We are going to start with a very simple xwiki/2.0 wiki macro which prints a greeting message to the document content. It isn't a very useful macro but the idea is to get you familiarised with the wiki macro creation process.


Wiki macros are defined using objects of type XWiki.WikiMacroClass. You define a wiki macro by creating a new wiki page and attaching it an object of type XWiki.WikiMacroClass. This class contains following fields:
  • Macro id: Id of the macro to be used by users when invoking your macro from wiki code
  • Macro name: Name of the macro to be displayed on the wysiwyg editor
  • Macro description: A short description of the macro to be displayed on the WYSIWYG editor
  • Default category: Default category under which this macro should be listed
  • Supports inline mode: Whether the macro can be used in an inline context or not
  • Macro content type: Whether this macro should support a body or not
  • Content description: A short description about the macro's content to be displayed on the WYSIWYG editor
  • Macro code: The actual wiki code that will be evaluated when the macro is executed, can be any xwiki content (should be in the same syntax as the document)

    Now we can define our hello macro as shown below:



A wiki macro can be invoked just like any other macro is invoked. Since we are writing a xwiki/2.0 wiki macro, we can invoke our hello macro as below:
And if you view the result it would say "Hello World!" (of course).


Introducing a parameter to a wiki macro is pretty straight forward; you simply need to add an object of type XWiki.WikiMacroParameterClass into your wiki macro document (one object per parameter). This class contains several fields that allow you to define your parameter clearly:
  • Parameter name: Name of the parameter, users will refer this name when invoking your macro with parameters
  • Parameter description: A short description of the parameter, this description will be made available on the WYSIWYG editor
  • Parameter mandatory: Indicates if this particular parameter is mandatory, wiki macro will fail to execute if a mandatory parameter is missing

    Now we're going to extend our hello macro with a parameter. We will introduce a parameter named greetUser that will indicate if the greeting message should be tailored for current user viewing the page. The definition of the parameter is show below:


A macro parameter defined this way can be accessed from any scripting language within the macro code. For an example, we are going to utilize our greetUser parameter within hello macro as below:

macro4.pngAs you might have realized already, direct binding of parameters is not supported at the moment. That is, you cannot access greetUser parameter with $greetUser. Instead you must use $context.macro.params.greetUser. We plan to introduce some form of direct parameter binding in near future.

Finally, we can test our new version of hello macro with the following invocation:

{{hello greetUser="true"/}}


A wiki macros is treated just like any other rendering macro in the system. As such, the moment you save your wiki macro it will be available to the users through the WYSIWYG editor's Insert Macro dialog box:



Scripting Tips

Following are few useful hints if you plan to do advanced scripting inside your wiki macros:
  • Access parameters: Use the context object (Ex. $context.macro.params.param1)
  • Access macro body (if your macro defines one): Use the context object (Ex. $context.macro.content)
  • Access MacroTransformationContext: Use the context object (Ex. $context.macro.context)

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